The pandemic has dramatically altered greater training, accelerating many digitalization-related tendencies. Moscow Metropolis College carried out a research, and Kirill Barannikov, vice-rector for improvement of MSU, candidate of pedagogical sciences, named 5 essential tendencies and better training will now not be the identical.
Because the pandemic raged, studying in faculties and universities needed to shift to a distance studying format. Round 1 billion college students all over the world have began studying by Zoom, Microsoft Groups and different platforms. In Russia, universities moved to distance studying, then to a hybrid format. Whereas in 2015 solely 5% of scholars took on-line programs, in 2020 they have been 49%.
Blended studying will develop into commonplace by 2021. In line with the survey carried out by Moscow Metropolis College, as we speak 70% of college professors consider that blended studying will develop into the norm (earlier than the pandemic, 22% thought so). On the similar time, 25% of scholars are prepared to check solely on-line, and amongst professors, solely 37% disapprove of distance studying (in comparison with 47% a 12 months in the past).
On the earth of training, there are already universities that function solely remotely: for instance, the web college Minerva, which beat the Ivy League universities in a reputation score. There are not any programs on the college; the primary format is the “flipped classroom”, the place college students study the fabric on their very own, then focus on it with professors and full tasks.
Develop digital ecosystems
What does the blended studying format appear to be in Russia because the pandemic has nearly receded? There are fewer and fewer auditorium courses, extra on-line occasions. Digital college platforms are creating, which permit college students to take heed to on-line lectures, create private pupil and instructor accounts, talk with one another and do joint tasks, obtain schedules and assignments, discover info within the digital library and add a portfolio. As well as, it permits college students to be assessed utilizing Massive Information, contemplating all of their work, and thus to exclude the format of the examination from sure topics.
In the present day, numerous main Russian universities have such platforms: some use commonplace studying course of administration platforms, whereas others develop their very own options. For instance, Moscow Metropolis College has created a service for mental evaluation and prediction of pupil efficiency, whereas Kazan Federal College has created a numerical system to check components of pupil tutorial success.
Many universities have additionally began creating their very own course recordsdata. MCU has launched an internet site with open on-line coaching programs OK.MGPU, which helps to make the transition to interactive and adaptive digital content material.
An training that meets everybody’s wants
One other essential development in greater training is the deal with college students and their actual wants. An increasing number of universities provide college students the chance to form their very own curriculum and thus design their very own academic path. The scholar turns into not an object, however a topic of the academic course of. It shapes studying as if the coed have been constructing a home from the blocks of supplies they want, modeling their very own curriculum.
Common curricula are rising for all college students no matter their subject of research: ITMO, for instance, has developed a university-wide curriculum system on digital expertise and gentle expertise. Tomsk State College has already arrange a particular tutoring service to assist college students construct particular person academic trajectories.
There’s an fascinating instance all over the world: at Columbia College in New York, college students cannot solely design their very own academic program, but in addition select how they wish to take the teachings: in particular person, by way of Zoom or by viewing the recordings. conferences at their comfort. .
The digitization of college campuses takes place not solely when it comes to gear, but in addition by the creation of “clever” public areas that may simply be modulated into an amphitheater, a seminar or self-training room, or a laboratory. For instance, MISiS is creating a undertaking to remodel libraries into co-working areas and create multimedia school rooms.
Universities are beginning to arrange micro-courses lasting from a couple of minutes to a couple days. Every of them helps to amass a selected talent, to discover ways to remedy a selected work process. Subsequently, codecs equivalent to mass open on-line programs (lectures are sometimes 7-12 minutes lengthy), TED (that is an off-the-cuff monologue on a scientific subject, normally lasting as much as 18 minutes ) have gotten more and more in style in greater training.
Micro-education doesn’t substitute the same old college life-style, however expands its potentialities, offered that college students have already got fundamental information within the occupation. Main universities just like the Massachusetts Institute of Expertise, Columbia College, and companies Volvo, IBM, and Adobe are turning to micro-education. With the assistance of such programs, voluminous expertise are fashioned in phases.
MIT was the primary to introduce the so-called Micromaster diploma program – a sequence of micro-courses that result in the coaching of a sure talent and could be credited by the college as a part of the course taken on campus.
In Russian universities, micro-education is launched for particular person modules or topics. College students can watch the video at any time, they’re centered and instantly get the end result: the reply to the query, the talent, the issue solved.
Augmented actuality applied sciences
Applied sciences that assist college students develop sensible augmented actuality expertise are showing throughout the partitions of worldwide and Russian universities. For instance, the College of San Diego makes use of simulators in its medical coaching the place college students see a affected person in augmented actuality and may diagnose signs of illness. Sechenov Medical College makes use of augmented actuality to carry out surgical procedures.
Hasson College has developed the AR StageCraft program for artists and interior decorators, which permits them to design work and units in college areas. The College of Westminster makes use of the REVRLaw undertaking to check felony legislation. Contained in the simulation, the coed sees a criminal offense scene and conducts criminological analysis.
At Columbia College, a hybrid atmosphere is built-in with digital actuality. Folks from totally different elements of the world can come collectively nearly utilizing glasses in a classroom and take heed to a lecture.
In Russian universities, digital actuality applied sciences are used to conduct laboratory experiments, nearly go to theaters and museums, create three-dimensional fashions and apply numerous kinds of expertise.
Thus, the pandemic has accelerated the motion in the direction of digitization, which started a very long time in the past and proceeded at a moderately calm tempo. The brand new actuality has had a surprisingly good impact on college students’ tutorial outcomes: know-how is now serving to them study expertise which are really related and relevant for the longer term office. Universities proceed to maneuver on this route, and now their essential process is to form a brand new academic didactics wherein conventional and new types of studying coexist harmoniously and complement one another.